Types of Sleep Disorders

Types of Sleep Disorders – Comprehensive Guide

There are various types of sleep disorders, including insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and more. Each disorder has its own unique characteristics and can affect sleep quality and overall well-being.

Understand Sleep Disorder

Sleep is a basic human need and it is important for physical and mental health. But how much sleep you need depends on age and person to person. According to the National Sleep Foundation, most adults need about seven to nine hours of restful sleep. But due to many reasons, sleep disorder involves problems with the quality, timing, and amount of sleep. This can result in daytime distress and impairment in functioning.

However, sleep-wake disorder often happens with a medical condition and other mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, or cognitive disorders.

There are different kinds of sleep-wake disorders, insomnia is the most common. These are the major categories of sleep disorders:

  • Sleep-related breathing disorders.
  • Insomnia.
  • Central disorder of hypersoloance
  • Parasomnias.
  • Sleep-related moment disorder.

Types of Sleep Disorders 

Types of Sleep Disorders

There are several types of sleep disorders.

Here are a few common ones:

  1. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or poor-quality sleep.
  2. Sleep Apnea: This is A condition where breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.
  3. Narcolepsy: this is one kind of neurological disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.
  4. Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS): it is one kind of uncomfortable sensation in the legs.
  5. Circadian Rhythm Disorders: Disturbances in the body due to the internal clock. Even this can cause difficulties in falling asleep and waking up at desired times.
  6. Parasomnias: this is one kind of Abnormal behavior or movements during sleep, such as sleepwalking, or night terrors.
  7. Shift Work Sleep Disorder: Disruption of the sleep-wake cycle due to working irregular or rotating shifts.

What are the 5 Types of Sleep Disorders?

insomniaIt is one kind of common sleep disorder. This makes it hard to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep and wake up too early. Stress and anxiety are the main cause of insomnia.
Sleep disorder breathingSleep disorder refers to a wide range of spectrum sleep-related conditions. Family history and excess weight can cause sleep disorders and breathing.
Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorderThis is also known as sleep-wake cycle disorder. It happens when your body’s internal clock tells you when you have time to sleep and wake up.
parasomniasThis sleep disorder involves unusual and undesirable physical events. It can happen during sleep and arousal from sleep.
Sleep-related movement disorderRestless leg syndrome, periodic limb moment disorder, and sleep-related leg cramps are the common types of sleep-related movement disorders. 
5 types of sleep disorders

Medical Condition and Sleep Disorders

Several medical conditions can contribute to or result in sleep disorders.

Here are a few examples:

  • Sleep Apnea
  • Chronic Pain
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
  • Depression and Anxiety
  • Neurological Disorders
  • Hormonal Imbalances

Note: These medical conditions can contribute to sleep disorders, but this may not be the sole cause. Therefore it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment options.

Diagnosis and Treatment

It depends on the individual age and the condition of the sleep disorder.

Diagnosis for insomnia may include:

  • Physical exams
  • Sleep habits
  • Sleep study

However, the treatment is available through cognitive behavioral therapy and medication. These will help you to achieve a better night’s sleep. This therapy helps people to control negative thoughts.

The prescription medication for sleep disorders is:

Coping Strategies for Individuals

Here are some coping strategies that help with sleep disorders.

  1. Sleep Schedule: Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day. Also on weekends. 
  2. Create a Relaxing Bedtime Routine: try to do calming activities before bed, such as reading, and taking a warm bath. Also must do relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation
  3. Create a Sleep-Friendly Environment: Make sure your bedroom is dark, and quiet, and should be at a comfortable temperature.
  4. Practice Good Sleep Hygiene: Avoid caffeine and heavy meals close to bedtime, limit daytime naps, and create a comfortable sleep environment.
  5. Do Regular Physical Activity: Regular exercise can promote better sleep. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise.
  6. Manage Stress: Stress can interfere with sleep, therefore, Explore stress management techniques like mindfulness, and relaxation exercises.
  7. Avoid Stimulants: Limit or avoid substances that can disrupt sleep, such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol. 

FAQs about types of Sleep Disorders

Here are some common FAQs about types of sleep disorders:

What are rare sleep disorders?

Rapid eye movement, shift work disorder, insufficient sleep, and delayed sleep phase syndrome are rare sleep disorders.

What causes sleep disorders?

Symptoms of medical conditions such as heart disease, asthma and pain and nerve condition, side effects of medicine, and working the night shift can cause sleep disorder.

What are the sleeping problem solutions?

You must need to try to go to bed and wake up daily at the same time. Also must try to avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine before bedtime.

What are the home remedies for insomnia?

Warm milk, licorice, and almond develop a sleep pattern and limit your screen time.

How to cure sleep disorder in 12 to 30 minutes?

Focus on the breath, find some peace, try herbal tea, try melatonin, and use an OTC medication.



If you notice the symptoms of sleep disorder.  it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional to get accurate treatment. They can reduce your symptoms, and provide guidance. Also by recommending personalized coping strategies. Establishing a consistent sleep schedule, creating a sleep-friendly environment, practicing good sleep hygiene, managing stress, and seeking professional help if needed are all important steps in managing sleep disorders. 

But you need to understand that, everyone’s experience with sleep disorders is unique. Therefore what works for one person may not work for another. It’s important to find the coping strategies that work best for you and prioritize your sleep health.

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